The seed casings and other inedible parts of the palnt matter harvested with cereal grains such as wheat are known as chaff. Techniques such as threshing and wind winnowing are uded to seperate chaff from the grain before use. Hay, or straw is cut short by a machine called a chaff cutter and usually fed to cattle.
An instrument used to cut grass short to an even length is called a mower. Its used primarily to cut the lawn on sports grounds and expansive gardens. Using a mower, is a more efficient way of making the length of grass uniform.
Types of Lawn Movers
Plough is used initially for soil preparation and for sowing seeds or planting developed from the pick or the spade. Initially it used to be pulled by humans and later using cattle like oxens and bullocks. Modern day ploughs are attached to tractors. The benefits of ploughing land is to turn over the top surface of the earth. It also uproots weeds growing near the crops, thereby making soil more porous and easier for later planting. The common ploughs have sets of 2 up to 5 mouldboards, but semi-mounted ploughs, the lifting of which are supplemented by a wheel about half-way along its length, can have as many as 18.
A long piece of equipment which is powered by a tractor and used to move items such as small piles of hay and to store them in a barn are known as elevators.
Pumps and Pipes
A pump may be defined as a mechanical device that can be used to move or carry liquids and gasses from a low pressure area to a high pressure area. The earliest form of pump is known as the 'Archimedes Screw Pump'.Pumps work by using mechanical forces to push a material either by physically lifting it or by using force of compression.
They are usually made of polyvinyl chloride or copper and used to carry pressurized fresh water. They are usually available in straight lenghts called joints or sticks.
An implement or machine designed and used for ploughing, cultivation, spreading fertiliser, sowing seed, spraying, harvesting, chaff cutting or any other agricultural operation whether the implement or machine is hauled or towed by animal or mechanical power.
Is a common tool to get deep tillage with limited soil disruption. The main function of this plow is to loosen and aerate the soils while leaving crop residue at the top of the soil. This plow can be used to reduce the effects of compaction and to help break up plowpan and hardpan.
A farm implement consisting of a heavy frame with sharp teeth or upright disks, used to break up and even off plowed ground.
The tractor, the most frequently used machine on the farm, has two large wheels at the rear that provide the power and two smaller ones at the front for steering, with an engine in the centre. Tractors come in many sizes and have a shaft at the back that turns and provides power to other machines that it pulls. Some tractors have front-end loaders - an implement for moving feed, manure or dirt, or for lifting heavy objects like large round hay bales. The cab of the tractor protects the driver from the rain, cold, wind, dust and heat; some even have air conditioners and sound systems, just like a car. Some tractors have four wheel drive - power to the front wheels as well as the back wheels; this adds to the usefulness of the tractor and it can be used during all seasons.
Cultivator is a farm implement for stirring and pulverizing the soil, either before planting or to remove weeds and to aerate and loosen the soil after the crop has begun to grow. The cultivator usually stirs the soil to a greater depth than does the harrow
Chisel Plow is a common tool to get deep tillage with limited soil disruption. The main function of this plow is to loosen and aerate the soils while leaving crop residue at the top of the soil. This plow can be used to reduce the effects of compaction and to help break up plowpan and hardpan.
A farm implement consisting of a heavy frame with sharp teeth or upright disks, used to break up and even off plowed ground
The spike harrow or drag is a tillage implement for agriculture. It breaks up clods of soil that result from other tillage equipment such as the disk harrow or plough.
The seed drill is used farmers to dig the land to sow seeds in well-spaced rows at specific depths.
Rice Transplanteris a specialized transplanter fitted to transplant rice seedlings onto puddle field.
Combine Harvester or simply combine, is a machine that harvests, threshes and cleans grain plants. The desired result is the seed (such as canola or flax ) or grain (such as oats , wheat , or rye); a byproduct is loose straw , the remaining husk of the plant with all nutrients removed.
Cotton Picker is a self-propelled machine that removes cotton lint and seed (seed-cotton) from the plant at up to six rows at a time. It uses rows of barbed spindles that rotate at high speed and remove the seed-cotton from the plant. The seed-cotton is then removed from the spindles by a counter-rotating doffer and is then blown up into a basket located on the picker
Backhoe is also called a rear actor or back actor, is a piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket on the end of an articulated arm (also called a stick or dipper).
Other list are as follows :